Title - 30-Inch Terrestrial Floor Globe
Artist - W. & A.K. Johnston, Ltd.
Type - Floor Globe
Size - 52 x 37.5 in
Medium- Walnut four-legged baroque style stand
Year - 1927-1930
Condition - Globe and horizon generally very good with the usual overall light toning, wear and handling. Some irregularity to varnish, and a few minor scratches and abrasions, all professionally restored. Stand very good with the usual wear; recently French polished.
About the piece
The terrestrial globe rotates in a calibrated full brass meridian and is surmounted by a brass polar circle. The horizon has a paper calendar and zodiac on a full frieze with grooved nulled repeating pattern. The walnut baroque-style stand is supported by four volute scrolled legs with acanthus carved decoration on the lower scroll, and centered by a ring-turned baluster standard. This in turn is raised on a quadripartite incurved plinth with grooved nulled repeating pattern on the edge (matching the carving on the horizon frieze), on four boldly carved four-toed animal paw feet. Oceans are colored blue-green (yellowed varnish over blue), geographic entities are in various shades of yellow, orange, brown and green. Mountain ranges, plains, plateaus, river basins and lake-filled hollows are shaded. There is a figure-eight analemma over the Pacific Ocean. The cartography also features intercontinental communication and transportation, noting the locations of submarine cables and routes traveled by steamers and ocean vessels.
This globe shows present-day St. Petersburg, Russia, as "Leningrad;" therefore, it was made after 1924. Further, it shows Constantinople rather than Istanbul, indicating a date of manufacture before 1930. In addition, it shows Central Australia as a separate territory, limiting its period from 1927 to 1931.
The 30-inch globe was manufactured by the famous and prolific British globe maker, W. & A.K. Johnston. Its considerable size allows for extensive cartographic detail. The extremely finely made stand was provided by Kittinger Company, one of the leading American furniture makers of the 20th Century. As such, the stand is of an unusually high quality for a floor globe of this period and probably was intended for home or major institutional library use. Kittinger sold and marketed the globe as a whole, with their circular label pasted above the cartouche.